The diagnostic name describing attention problems has been changed in recent years to:
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.
Under that global heading, individuals are either:
Predominately Inattentive, Predominately Hyperactive, or Combined.
That is, there are no longer the two (2) separate diagnoses: ADD and ADHD, which was true at one time.
Symptoms commensurate with an Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder include, but are not limited to, the following:
Feeling restless, often fidgeting with hands or feet, or squirming while seated
Running, climbing, or leaving a seat in situations where sitting or quiet behavior is expected
Blurting out answers before hearing the whole question
Having difficulty waiting in line or taking turns
Often fails to give close attention to details or makes careless mistakes in school work, work, or other activities
Often has difficulty sustaining attention in tasks or play activities
Often does not seem to listen when spoken to directly
Often does not follow through on instructions and fails to finish schoolwork, chores, or duties in the workplace
Often has difficulty organizing tasks and activities
Often avoids or is reluctant to engage in tasks that require sustained mental effort (e.g., schoolwork)
Often loses things necessary for tasks or activities (e.g., toys, school assignments, pencils, books or tools)
Is often easily distracted by extraneous stimuli
Is often forgetful in daily activities
Has difficulties inhibiting behavior at times
ADHD is considered a neurological/ biological problem because it is not created due to emotional problems. Instead, it is considered to be caused by problems in the way some brain structures transmit messages.
I think it is essential that parents become educated as to the nature of this disorder and how to manage it.